Dog vaccination program: Do you need to vaccinate a puppy and do not know when and what to do? In this article we will discuss immunization vaccines for dogs and puppies and when to make recalls or vaccinations.
The issue of vaccines is very controversial, and there are some studies to try to solve some problems.
What Are The Vaccines For The Dog?
Dog vaccines represent preventative treatment for some diseases and consist of the administration of small amounts of attenuated or inactivated viruses, so as to stimulate the dog’s immune system to produce antibodies to defend itself in the future from the virus, generating a sort of immune memory.
Dogs lead to different lives, some live in the city, others in the country and in contact with other unvaccinated dogs, and others often travel with their masters in other countries. Additionally, according to the region, there are diseases that can be contracted more frequently (for example, anger is almost erased from Western Europe but is present in many areas, such as North Africa and Mexico).
For these reasons, each case must be evaluated by the veterinarian, who is the only one to give you tips to protect your animal in the best way.
But what are the mandatory vaccines and the optional ones that dogs should receive?
Basic Vaccination Plan for Dogs and Puppies
Among the many vaccines that exist on the market, there are some that should be mandated and agreed with most veterinarians.
Vaccines vary depending on the age of the dog. A good vaccination plan for dogs and puppies is as follows:
- For puppies of 5 weeks before the dose of the parvovirus vaccine and cimur
- Between the 9th and 12th week, a polyvalent vaccine for parvovirus, cymas, parainfluenza, hepatitis, and leptospirosis.
- A second dose of polyvalent vaccine should be administered after 4 weeks to ensure that the puppy has developed antibodies.
- When the puppy has 3 to 6 months it is possible to vaccinate it against rabies.
Vaccines for Puppies with Less Than 2 Months
The first vaccine that can be given to a puppy is called a “DP vaccine“, which protects against parvovirus and cramp, although it can be replaced by the “DP + C” vaccine against parvovirus, cramp, and coronavirus.
Generally, a few days before the vaccine, the veterinarian should give the puppy a vermifuge for the internal parasites.
Consult your veterinarian because this vaccine is not always recommended by doctors in puppies, especially since they are tender, and often wait two months before administering the first dose of the polyvalent vaccine.
Vaccines for Dogs and Puppies Over 2 Months
The vaccine schedule for dogs begins with a multi-dose vaccine when the puppy is between 9 and 12 weeks of age. The polyvalent vaccine protects against parvovirus, cymus, parainfluenza, hepatitis and leptospirosis.
After 4 weeks of the first dose, the puppy should be flaked with a second dose of the same type of vaccine.
The vaccine against rabies is done when the dog is between 3 and 6 months of age. This vaccine is mandatory by law in most countries, as the disease can be transmitted to humans.
Under no circumstances should a dog or puppy be vaccinated with symptoms of illness.
Vaccines for Adult Dogs
What are vaccines for an adult dog? From one year of life, repeat the dose of the multivalent vaccine against parvovirus, cymus, parainfluenza, hepatitis and leptospirosis, as well as the anti-rabies vaccine.
Next, it is possible to make a polyvalent vaccine every 3 years and each year for anger (in some countries every three years).
Does The Dog Have To Be Vaccinated Every Year?
On this topic, the positions are changing. Traditional vision suggests vaccinating the dog every year with a multi-dose vaccine, but recent studies confirm that the immune response of many vaccines is greater than previously thought, and in many cases, antibodies are also present in over three years from the vaccine.
For example, in many major US veterinary schools, polyvalent vaccination is done in adult dogs every 3 years. The reason is that if there are already antibodies in the dog, administering a new vaccine can cause an imbalance in the animal’s immune system.
To be honest, we do not know exactly how long the immunity period lasts for each vaccine, and then it must be done together with the veterinarian and above all the risk that the dog has to contract the infection.
The Polyvalent Vaccine for Dogs
The polyvalent vaccine protects dogs and puppies against the following diseases:
Parvovirus: a highly contagious viral disease that affects the intestines and red blood cells. It can kill the dog in a few days, and there are vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration among the symptoms.
Learn More: Parvovirus in the Dog: Symptoms and Treatment
Cymbiter: It is a multisystem disease (it mainly affects the lungs, intestines, and brain) and is caused by viruses similar to that of human measles, with initial symptoms of fever, nose and tired eyes. It is fatal in most cases and highly contagious.
Learn More: Dog Breast: Symptoms and Treatment
Parainfluenza (coughing coughs): It is a respiratory disease that causes a dry cough is a white catarrh. It is similar to human cold and is not fatal.
Hepatitis: Viral disease affecting the liver of the dog.
Learn More: Hepatitis in the Dog: Symptoms and Treatment
Leptospirosis: Disease with many symptoms including vomiting, diarrhea and mouth ulcers. It affects the dog and the humans, even if it occurs mainly in hunting dogs or living abroad.
Learn More: Leptospirosis in the Dog: symptoms and cures
The Rabies Vaccine in Dogs
Anger is a viral disease affecting the central nervous system and is lethal in almost 100% of cases. And in many countries is a mandatory vaccine. The reason is that anger can be transmitted to man.
General Advice on Dog Vaccines
- Do not vaccinate puppies during weaning: As a general council, when puppies are suckled by their mother, it is best to avoid being vaccinated. Because the vaccine may interfere with maternal antibodies and have no efficacy.
Obviously, this is a general council, and only your veterinarian can know when it’s best to vaccinate a puppy.
- Observe a Quarantine Period: If the puppy has just been adopted and taken home, avoid contacting other dogs until it has been vaccinated.
Remember that in the early weeks it is very vulnerable and could be a victim of contagious mortal illnesses such as parvoviruses.
- Quotations of the vaccine: it is very important to observe the expiration dates of vaccinations, especially during the first year. For example, if you have a cat the first polyvalent vaccine. And wait a couple of months for the second dose. The first vaccine will be useless and will only be spent unnecessarily.
- Observe compulsory vaccines: Observe mandatory vaccine laws. And inform your vet if you plan to travel by air with your dog.
Optional Vaccines for Dogs
There are other vaccines that can be useful to your dog, depending on your health and the type of life you are leading to.
An example is a vaccine against Bordetella. It is a respiratory disease caused by a bacterial infection. It causes infectious bronchitis, although it is generally not fatal. This vaccine may be indicated in some circumstances, and not all veterinarians recommend it. Because of the side effects, it may have on the dog’s health, especially in the injected version.
The vaccine against Bordetella should be given every 6 months or annually
There is also a new vaccine against leishmaniasis very controversial since even some dog food advisor or owners have reported many side effects. In short, you should always advise your veterinarian for the specific case. But remember that it is up to you to decide if and when to make an optional vaccine.