How effective are Rescue Dogs?

How effective are Rescue Dogs?
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Rescue Dogs are our Competence

If people are looked for in confusing forests or open spaces, rescue dogs are irreplaceable helpers. Even after car accidents, rescue dogs are often used when injured people run away in shock. Finding it quickly is life-saving. Also, confused, sick and elderly people or children who are no longer finding their way home are being looked for by rescue dogs.

Many people who were buried after earthquakes or gas explosions also owe their lives to rescue dogs. Dogs with their fine noses are able to track people even in great depths and move safely in debris and debris.

Every year around 140,000 people are reported missing in the US!

Many of them have lost their way, had an accident or had health problems during the forest walk. There are often old people and very many children (about 40,000!), and they all have one thing in common: they may be in a life-threatening situation from which they can find no way out without help.

If people are buried under rubble, the highest haste is required. The search power which a trained rescue dog performs with his nose is far superior to technical means in certain situations or complements their use optimally.

Who Owns Rescue Dogs?

All dogs are the property of their rescue dog. They live in their families, costs for food, veterinarian and the like are borne by the dog handler alone.

How Effective are Rescue Dogs?

Rescue dogs are real supernates. You can distinguish smells more than a million and can shed people in the rubble to locate still under nine meters of concrete and rubble.


Area dog takes human scent true with good wind conditions over 200 meters and looks denser, trackless areas with the size of a soccer field in just two to three minutes reliable – even in the dark. In this way, they easily replace a search chain of up to 30 people.

Special specialists are water search dogs and Man trailer. Water dogs show drowned to a depth of 50 meters reliably. Man trailers can safely follow the odor particles of a missing person 48 hours after their disappearance from their last known location.

  • Area search

The search for missing persons in extensive forest areas is the most common requirement for rescue dogs.

Area search dogs can be used in many areas. Forest areas are most frequently searched; even very dense vegetation or steep terrains are not an obstacle. Often also meadows and fields belong to the area of application.


The search can be carried out reliably day and night. A comprehensive and intensive training of the teams is necessary to be able to cope with all situations.

  • Trouble searching

Numerous accidents lead to people being spilled and debris dogs being used for the search.

The most extensive damage can be caused by earthquakes. Frequently all the houses of a whole place are destroyed, and many people are buried. Here, a large number of search teams are needed, which can be on-site within a predefined time window.

The causes which can lead to the collapse of individual buildings or parts of buildings and the demands of debris can be quite diverse, for example, gas explosion, poor construction, storm impact, aircraft crashes, impact loads on vehicles, fire effects and overloading of components. In these cases, it is necessary to be able to deploy several teams with debris dogs in the shortest possible time at the damage site.


The demands on the teams are extremely extensive due to the different situations. Each deployment begins with the assessment of the location and associated hazards. The dogs are used in precisely defined sections. It is necessary that the dogs can be controlled very exactly and can be controlled at any time. Great debris, difficult to walk, unpleasant ground and numerous distractions must not impress the dogs.

Due to the complexity of the application sites, the possible dangerous situations and the specialization required, an extremely high level of education in the debris area is essential. Dogs like dog guides, helpers, group leaders and train drivers must be trained at the highest level to be optimally prepared for all situations.

  • Mantrailing

The frequent question of whether the rescue dog has a stock held by the missing person in front of his nose, so he knows who to look for, you can finally answer this question with “Yes!”.

The main trailer, unlike the debris or flat scout, always seeks a very specific person. He receives the search order by an object to which, as far as possible, the smell of the missing person is liable.


The search starts mostly where the person was most definitely seen the last time or even left. The dog looks for the person by their trace.

Every human being is constantly giving up tiny shark feet. These are associated with the bacteria of the individual skin flora of humans and give off a unique smell. The dogs trained in this search method follow the human trace through these microscopic cell clusters. They can distinguish them from other people’s traces and follow them through inhabited areas. The weather, the background, the wind, the age of the trail, the level of education and the breed determine, besides many other factors, the difficulty of the track to be tracked and thus influence the likelihood of the dog solving the task assigned to him or not.

  • Water Detection

Divers and rescue workers face the same difficulties in a drowned case. With relatively few available forces an area must be searched, which can usually only be described very vaguely. Also, they have only a limited period to work under water.


When using rescue dogs in water detection, the following advantages are thus obtained for divers:

  • Shorter dive times through more targeted dives
  • The divers do not have to undertake a dangerous sampling of the ground

Depending on the type of water, the current, the water temperature and the weather, it is not possible to locate the drowned person in a precise manner – but a location within a radius of 15-20m is usually realistic. The distribution of the odor is arranged in a conical shape with the tip of the cone at the sacrifice. The more strongly the said factors act, the larger the surface radius.

In the open sea with strong currents, below a closed ice cover, weather conditions with heavy rainfall, thunderstorms or storms, an effective water detection with rescue dogs complete.

Age for Rescue Dog Training

Almost every work-loving dog can be a rescue dog. He should not be older than three years old at the start of his education and should not show aggression against humans and other dogs.


In general, all powerful, open-minded dogs are suitable when they bring physical health, nervous strength and learning pleasure. The playful training can start already in the puppy age.

How Long does Dog Training Take to the Rescue Dogs?

Mostly a team of rescue dogs and lifeguards are nearly ready for deployment within two to three years. The dog and dog handler must pass several examinations before they are taken to the use. So mostly dog training for rescue dogs completed in 2 – 3 years.

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